How Was Pool (The Game) Invented

old letter from paris

The history of the game of pool is fascinating, as, with many forms of more elaborate entertainment, royal families and the rich were the first to experience such an invention. Apart from the aristocracy, pool was also played in the 15th century by Kings and their chosen companies. These historical insights revealed the grace of this game. Nevertheless, regarding the invention of the pool or billiards, some interesting facts are to be noted. For instance, it was first played on a lawn in Northern Europe. This game was evolved with the time, as it was converted into a wooden table from a lawn. The purpose of the green wooden table cloth we have nowadays is to replicate and pay homage to pool’s origins.


Term and Evolution

The term billiard has been derived from the French word ‘Billard’. The game was invented in France, as outdoor activities or sports were stopped due to snow. Consequently, the trends of indoor activities took place, and royals and nobles initially played the game. It is a fact that billiard balls were made from ivory. Initially, billiard balls were heavyweight, as elephant tusks were used to make 3 to 4 billiard balls. Interestingly, the pool game was considered illegal due to different reasons. However, in the nineteenth century, the term poolroom was considered. According to the revelations, Thomas Jefferson had the pool table in Virginia. The development of the cue tick was depicted in the 1600s. Traditionally, the pool table equipment and accessories was different from men and women. For instance, women were not allowed to use the cue, as they were forced to use mace. After the invention of the game, evolvement regarding the pool equipment was in the spotlight. The evolvement regarding the material was observed in England, especially after the 1800s. The industrial revolution played a critical role in developing or improving the pool equipment. The use of Chalk to increase the friction between the ball and stick was first practised in England. The arrangements for sidespin in the pool game was introduced or perfected in 1823. Finally, in 1850, the billiard table took its current shape, as size, style, pickets, and many other elements regarding equipment were standardized or idealized to play the game. The game was invented in Europe and emerged in England before the United States. Many people, especially rich, installed the pool table in their homes, as it was a perfect indoor game. The invention of mace was critical. Its development helped players hit the ball with the larger head. However, it was difficult for players to hit the ball when it is close to the table wall. Thus, the origin of the tail took place, as it brought more flexibility when stroking the ball. Initially, after the invention, the walls of the table were made of woods. However, further, it was realized that rubber walls are imperative to get the ball back after stroking it with a mace or cue. The origin or invention of the term pool is also interesting.


Poolrooms and Billiard

poolroom from an old town horse betting houseIn the United States, there were poolrooms for people who used to participate in horse races. The waiting room was called the pool room, as it was used for betting or gambling. Further, after the fact, billiard tables were installed in these pool rooms, as it was an element of entertainment for people waiting for their race. Therefore, eventually, billiard was referred to as a pool. The environment for the poolroom was controversial, as people used to drink, smoke, and gamble there, and it was one of the reasons for calling it illegal. However, due to several evolvements and popularity, the game has survived till now. Today, we have many different forms of the pool played around the globe, even Australia, far away from its birthplace, you can find all sorts of old and new billiard tables around Melbourne.